Merge Like a Zipper. Wait to Merge. Take Turns.
How to Merge Safely:
Merging on highways can occur on highway entrance ramps, at exit ramps connecting two major roads or at work zones or crash sites where lanes are restricted. The safest merging is to think about two lanes merging into one. Not one lane merging into the other.
Most motorists start to merge as soon as they see warning signs and learn which lane ahead is closed. When the highway is not heavily congested and traffic is able to move at the speed limit, it is best to merge early into the open lane.
However, in dense, slow moving traffic, the open lane fills quickly. Motorists are forced to slow in the closed lane and may become anxious to merge. When a driver in the closed lane can’t move into the open lane in time, the closed lane ends forcing the vehicle to suddenly stop. The vehicle must now join traffic from a dead stop. This driving behavior can lead to sudden lane switching, inconsistent driving speeds that cause crashes, long back-ups and road rage.
Research shows these behaviours decrease and traffic moves more smoothly when motorists use both lanes until reaching the defined merge area and then alternate merging every other vehicle in "zipper" fashion into the open lane.
Driving Tips for Merging:
- Light congestion and traffic can move at the speed limit – merge early.
- Early Merge: Drivers move out of the closed lane as early as possible.
- Heavy congestion with slowed or stopped traffic – use both lanes and merge at the lane closure.
- Zipper Merge: Drivers fill both lanes and take turns merging every other car at the point of the lane closure.
By using two full lanes of traffic until the merge, you reduce the difference in speed between the two lanes. The length of backups is reduced 40-50 percent. When both lanes continue to move slowly, everyone is equally delayed, which reduces road rage.
Watch for signs instructing motorists to resist the urge to merge and do the “zipper” merge where the lane closure occurs.