In an effort to educate and inform Missourians on the current status and future direction of their transportation system, the Citizen’s Guide to Transportation Funding takes the complex issues of the state’s transportation revenue, expenditures, system condition and unfunded needs and explains them in clear and easy-to-understand terms.
Missouri’s transportation revenue, including bond proceeds, totaled nearly $2.9 billion in fiscal year 2020. As shown below, 55% of the revenue, including bond proceeds, came from state user fees and 36% from federal revenue.
Transportation Funding in MO
Missouri user fees are paid by the users of the transportation system and are dedicated for transportation use in the state. They include fuel taxes, registration and licensing fees and motor vehicle sales taxes.
How Does Missouri Compare?
Missouri ranks 45th nationally in revenue per mile, primarily because the state’s large system – the nation’s seventh largest with 33,832 miles of highways – is funded with one of the lowest fuel taxes in the country: 17 cents per gallon.
The Missouri Constitution and state and federal laws determine how transportation funds are allocated to states, cities and counties.
Where is the Money Invested?
MoDOT does not receive the entire $2.9 billion of transportation revenue and bond proceeds, or the $30 per month from the average Missouri driver. After allocations to cities, counties, other state agencies and debt payment, MoDOT received $1.9 billion of transportation revenues in fiscal year 2020 to invest in the state transportation system.
MoDOT Funding Distribution
Since 2003, the Missouri Highways and Transportation Commission has used a formula to distribute construction program funds for road and bridge improvements to each of its seven districts.
Disadvantaged Business Enterprises
The Disadvantaged Business Enterprise program is a federally mandated program administered by MoDOT’s External Civil Rights Division. The program’s overall goal is to provide opportunities to
participate in the economic benefits of highway construction to small businesses owned and operated by disadvantaged individuals.
When combined, congestion, additional vehicle operating costs and roadway crashes cost each Missouri driver about $196 per month. Additional investments in congestion relief, improving system conditions and safety can reduce these costs for Missourians.
The Cost of Operations
MoDOT employs 3,000+ field employees throughout the state to operate and maintain the transportation system.
The Current Condition of MO Transportation
Last year, 51.8 billion miles were traveled on the state highway system. The majority of travel occurs on interstates and major routes.
MoDOT has adopted an asset management approach to make the best decisions with transportation investments. The goal of the plan is to keep roads and bridges in good condition for as long as possible given current funding levels.
What is the Cost?
Missourians pay a relatively small amount per month to use the state system of roads and bridges. The average Missouri driver pays about $30 per month in state and federal transportation taxes and fees.
High-Priority Unfunded Transportation Needs
When MoDOT completed its long-range transportation plan in 2014, and refreshed it in 2018, extensive input from Missourians resulted in five goals for the state’s transportation system over the next 20 years.