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Missouri Department of Transportation

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Hoing Site (23SC634)



square-steemed points and sedalia/wadlow pointThe Hoing Site is located adjacent to a natural pond (closed sink hole) on a broad, gently sloping upland ridge that forms the divide between the Peruque and Dardenne Creek drainages.  MoDOT archaeologists investigated the site as part of the design process for the construction of the Route N and Route 40/61 interchange.

A majority of the diagnostic artifacts are affiliated with the Late Archaic period, especially the Sedalia/ Titterington phase.  Etley/Stone square-stemmed and Sedalia/Wadlow points are prevalent on the site.  The lithic assemblage also includes eight side-notched Raddatz-like points, which are typically associated with Middle Archaic occupations in the region, although they have been reported from Late Archaic features in the St. Louis vicinity.  A unique point recovered from the site is a narrow-stemmed formthat does not conform to any known type in the region. 

An early Late Archaic component is indicated by three corrected radiocarbon dates of between B.C. 2890 and 2490.  Feature 20 provided a corrected radiocarbon date of between B.C. 4235 and 3990, indicating occupation during the midrange of the Middle Archaic period.  However, the presence of a Late Archaic Etley point in the feature creates further uncertainty regarding temporal occupation at the site. 

The only evidence of occupation during the ceramic periods is a small, grit/grog-tempered sherd.  A corrected radiocarbon date of between 360 and 55 B.C. from Feature 9, which yielded six biface fragments but no diagnostic artifacts, suggests an early Middle Woodland presence at the site.  Another question that went unanswered during site mitigation is the significance of hundreds of chert nodules, many fist-sized, in the wetland area. 

The investigations provided the opportunity to investigate an Archaic settlement in an unusual microenvironment—a wetland on an upland ridge.  The data analysis continues and report production is in process.

Raddatz side-notched points           narrow-stemmed point          example of pit feature

 

 

 

 

 

 

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