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Bundy Site (23PI77)



Bell-shaped pitsMoDOT archaeologists identified the Bundy site during the preliminary design to replace the State Route 79 Bridge over the Salt River in Pike County.  The site is located on a low floodplain rise in the Salt River valley near the confluence of the Salt and Mississippi rivers.  Once it was determined that adverse impacts to the site could not be avoided, MoDOT contracted with Cultural Resources Analysts Inc. to excavate the portion of the site that would be adversely affected by the proposed bridge replacement project.

Large-scale excavation of the site was conducted in the summer of 1983.  Mechanical stripping of the plowzone produced diagnostic artifacts from the Middle Woodland and Late Woodland periods and revealed 35 cultural features.  These features consisted primarily of shallow basin pits.  Ten deeper, flat-bottom pits were identified.  Half of these are cylindrical in profile, while the other half are bell-shaped.  Most of the features were clustered on the nearly level north-facing slope.  Interpreted functions of these features include cooking facilities, storage facilities, and refuge-disposal pits.  No evidence of structures was identified during the excavation. 

The ceramic assemblage recovered from the Bundy site consists of 3548 sherds, Bason pitswhich represents a minimum of 109 vessels based upon rim sherds.  These vessels are sorted into three groupings based upon temper and paste characteristics.  The first grouping, which consist of over 80% of the vessels, are tempered with varying combinations of sand and grit with approximately a third also containing chert flakes.  The second grouping is tempered only with sand.  The third grouping consists of a uniform, well-fired paste with very sparse sand tempering and rare pieces of grit or chert.  Vessel forms consist primarily of globular jars with a handful of bowls and miniature vessels.  Exterior surface treatment consists primarily of cordmarked and smoothed-over cordmarked with much smaller amounts of plain, fabric- impressed, and combed.  Approximately 75% of the rim sherds are decorated with the decoration along the lip.  Type of lip decorations include: plain-stick-impressed, cordwrapped stick-impressed, and notched.

Nineteen projectile points were recovered during the archaeological investigations at the Bundy site.  The most numerous recovered projectile points are small bifacially flaked arrowpoints.  The remaining points are shallow side-notched and contracting-stemmed hafted bifaces. 

Five wood charcoal samples from separate pit features were submitted for radiocarbon dating.  One sample indicates a Middle Woodland occupation, A.D. 340 to A.D. 535 (1 Sigma calibrated results).  Another sample supports an early Late Woodland occupation, A.D. 610 to A.D. 800 (1 Sigma calibrated results).  The remaining three radiocarbon dates overlap with a date range of A.D. 880 to A.D. 1155 (1 Sigma calibrated results), which supports an interpretation that the majority of the site represents an occupation in the latter portion of the Late Woodland Period.

The investigators interpret the Bundy site as representing a series of short-term occupations ranging from the end of the Middle Woodland Period and throughout the Late Woodland Period.  A technical report has been produced on the results of the investigation, Phase III Archeological Excavations at the Chapuis (23PI76) and Bundy (23PI77) Sites, Pike County, Missouri (1986). 

Bundy Site

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