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Archaeological Investigations Within the Proposed U.S. 61 Corridor North of Canton in Lewis and Clark Counties Missouri, Volume I:  Background, Research Design, Methods, and Site Summaries



 

Under contract with the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT), archaeological investigations were conducted by Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc., in conjunction with the U.S. 61, Avenue of the Saints, highway reconstruction project in Lewis and Clark Counties, Missouri. (Job Numbers J3P0424B and J3P0423B).  The archaeological work entailed two primary investigations intended to accomplish the overall goals of mitigating adverse effects to archaeological sites for this project.  The first investigation consisted of examining the project utility corridor for archaeological deposits, and the second part of this work entailed collecting data from National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) eligible sites that would be impacted by highway construction.

 

Fieldwork began in November of 2004 and continued through August of 2006.  In all, 55 archaeological sites’ locations were examined during the geoarchaeological survey, had NRHP evaluations conducted at them, or were subject to data recovery.  Data recovery was conducted at a total of 20 archaeological sites that would be impacted by project construction, 8 of which were in Lewis County and 12 that were in Clark County.  The data recovery investigations at these sites entailed hand excavation of block areas and/or stripping of large areas of plow zone and the excavation of the exposed features.  These sites had archaeological components representing the Early Archaic, Middle Archaic, Late Archaic, Early Woodland, Middle Woodland, Late Woodland, and historic periods.  The remaining sites were in areas that would not be impacted by the project, or they are sites that were determined to be not eligible for the NRHP.

 

Due to the size of the project, the reports have been divided into 10 volumes.  This volume (Volume I) presents the background information for the project and the project area, the research design, the methods, and a summary of the sites investigated.  Chapters 1 and 2 include an introduction and summary of the project.  Chapter 2 contains pertinent background information regarding the NRHP evaluations and project impacts.  Chapter 3 provides detailed information regarding the archaeological research design. Chapter 4 provides a background to the effective environment.  Chapter 5 provides a cultural history for the region.  Chapter 6 provides the field and laboratory methods.  Chapter 7 provides a summary of the investigations at the Lewis and Clark County sites.  And finally, Chapter 8 provides a brief synthesis of the data presented in this volume.

 

Subsequent volumes provide data on the paleoenvironment in the project area vicinity (Volume II), the individual site reports and artifact analyses (Volumes III through IX), and finally, a synthesis volume (Volume X) that summarizes the results of the environmental and archaeological data recovered during the project and addresses relevant research questions pertaining to chronology, settlement patterning, site structure, subsistence, and technology.

AOS_Vol1_site1 AOS_Vol1_site2

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